Short pest overview:
This insect is considered to be one of the most destructive fruit pests in the world. Among fruit fly species, Ceratitis capitata has the largest variety of hostfruits, including over 200 different types of fruits and vegetables. These fruits include but are not limited to akee, star apple, oranges, grapefruit, guava, mango, plum, and pears.
This pest has a widespread distribution, being found on six continents (Europe, Asia, Africa, North and South America, Australia, and islands in the Pacific).
The eggs of Ceratitis capitata are laid below the skin of the host fruit. They hatch within 2-4 days (up to 16-18 days in cool weather) and the larvae feed for another 6-11 days (at 13°C - 28°C). Pupariation is in the soil under the host plant, the adults emerge after 6-11 days (24°C - 26°C). After adult emergence, ovarian development at 25°C takes 5 days. Ceratitis Capitata completes up to 15 generations in warm countries and 2 generations in temperate climate.